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- How battery storage can help charge the electric-vehicle market
- Automation in logistics: Big opportunity, bigger uncertainty
- ACE EV to sign agreement to build electric vehicles in Adelaide starting in 2020
- Contract signed for construction of modern warehouse
- The Growing Potential of EV Battery Warehouses
- Website access code
- Material-handling equipment
- Forklifts, warehouse trucks, services and solutions from Toyota
- The future of warehouses
How battery storage can help charge the electric-vehicle marketVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: VJ Scozzari & Sons Time Lapse Video of Tilt-Up Warehouse Construction
Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy. Our flagship business publication has been defining and informing the senior-management agenda since Put it all together, and McKinsey Global Institute estimates that the transportation-and-warehousing industry has the third-highest automation potential of any sector 1 1.
Automation is also on the table at other transport companies, such as trucking companies and port operators. Automation will affect the supply chain far beyond the walls of the warehouse and sorting center; it will change the way goods flow across all modes exhibit. In the first article in this series, we addressed the impact of autonomous trucking , a critical automation technology, on roads, rails, and ports.
And our colleagues recently produced a detailed look at other forms of port automation. They find that while ports are accelerating their adoption of automation, they are not yet recouping their costs.
Moreover, while operating expenses are falling as expected by 15 to 35 percent , throughput is falling as well by 7 to 15 percent. Port operators can take several steps to get the most out of automation. Among other moves, they can build automation-ready capabilities rather than simply automating old processes.
And they can apply better project discipline to ensure that automation investments account for all attributes of port operations. Of the remaining transport modes, automation in ocean and air freight is quite possible but will probably not move the productivity needle much.
In rail , automation will likely begin in terminals, which offer controlled environments and repeatable processes. Intermodal terminals will likely see increased use of autonomous hostlers to move containers to and from trains. Autonomous cranes are also likely to emerge in the near term. While the physics of trains makes automation on the main line a longer-term prospect, rail operators and governments are investing in technologies that lay the foundation.
Positive train control PTC is a long-desired step toward an automated future: its data links allow for real-time automated control of sets of trains. Over time, railroads will continue to search for opportunities to automate the main line, but some limits will persist for the foreseeable future. For example, trains traveling heavily populated routes or hauling hazardous materials will likely continue to need human oversight.
Yet for all the excitement, most logistics companies have not yet taken the plunge. For every force pushing companies to automate, countervailing factors suggest they should go slowly. This is the second in a series of five articles on disruption in transport and logistics.
In the first , we examined the implications of autonomous trucks. Automation is no less potent a force. In this article, we will review the reasons automation is coming to the fore, examine the five factors that are hindering investment, and lay out strategies that can position contract logistics companies to prepare for an uncertain future. At first blush, more automation seems like the answer to three problems facing contract logistics companies. Start with a shortage of workers.
Unemployment rates are at a year low, and wages are increasing. Some of the largest e-commerce facilities currently require 2, to 3, full-time equivalents, an order of magnitude more than traditional distribution centers employ, and need to add even more workers during the holiday peak season, when labor is most scarce. In , the US Bureau of Labor Statistics estimated that nearly four million Americans work in warehouses as supervisors, material handlers, or packers.
But if even a portion of these jobs are lost, it will still represent significant upheaval. E-commerce, the second trend, is remaking the entire logistics industry. The inexorable rise of online sales is well documented.
In the United States, for example, growth has averaged 15 percent annually over the past decade, and the range of goods has expanded dramatically. But even as logistics companies have benefited from burgeoning volume, the business is not without its challenges.
Many large logistics companies fulfill e-commerce orders by carving out a corner of warehouses designed for B2B operations. And some logistics companies have at times been willing to use e-commerce as a loss leader to add business to their transport divisions. But as volume expands, all such arrangements are coming under immense strain. Here, too, automation seems to be an answer. These three trends make it seem like more investment in automation is a layup.
Indeed, many are finding success with it. And DHL International DHL has built almost automated parcel-delivery bases across Germany to reduce manual handling and sorting by delivery personnel. Warehouse automation technologies can be broadly categorized into devices that assist the movement of goods and those that improve their handling.
New twists are the equipment and software needed to retrofit standard forklifts and make them autonomous. The new gear can be switched on whenever needed—peak seasonal shifts, say—and the forklift can remain manual when demand is slower.
New handling devices automate the picking, sorting, and palletizing of goods. Picking systems typically include a robotic arm with sensors that can determine the shape and structure of an object, then grasp it.
Some devices remain fixed and have goods brought to them often by AGVs. Others travel to the goods and retrieve and move them at once. With the e-commerce boom, efficient sorting has become increasingly important, particularly in parcel operations. Advanced conveyor systems use scanners that can pick up bar codes on any side of a package to determine the appropriate action.
Autonomous palletizers use robotic arms to build pallets from individual units and cases, often using advanced analytics to determine the optimal placement for each box. Beyond the machines that mimic human hands and arms , other innovations will improve the productivity of people in warehouses.
Drones are already in use in the warehouse for inventory management and outside the four walls for yard management. We expect to see much greater adoption of drones for these uses. Exoskeletons augment human motion with mechanical power through gloves or additional support for legs. In fact, if you squint hard enough, an entirely new logistics paradigm is coming into view Exhibit 1. Many operations could be automated by , as artificial intelligence takes over the many repetitive activities that logistics companies perform.
We expect to see fully automated high-rack warehouses, with autonomous vehicles navigating the aisles. Warehouse-management systems will keep track of inventory in real time, ensuring it is matched to the ordering system. Logistics companies are intrigued by the potential of automation but wary of the risks.
Accordingly, they are investing conservatively. McKinsey research estimates investment in warehouse automation will grow the slowest in logistics, at about 3 to 5 percent per year to Five issues are holding the sector back. Two are the flip sides of the forces e-commerce and technological advance that are motivating the renewed interest in automation. Also clouding the outlook are purchasing problems, the potential for change in the omnichannel supply chain, and the risks associated with short-term contracts.
To capture the large e-commerce-growth opportunity, any logistics company must meet two fundamental requirements: speed and variety. Think same-day delivery of any of a million SKUs. To deal with that, more automation in picking, packing, and sorting seems like an easy investment call. But the unusual dynamics between logistics companies and e-commerce customers hold many logistics companies back. The risk manifests in a few ways. That tends to keep prices low and may keep logistics companies from making an adequate return on a big investment in automation.
Another wrinkle is that most large e-commerce companies, such as Amazon and JD. To be sure, working with these companies can present challenges for shippers. But many thousands of shippers find the benefits outweigh the risks. The online giants deploy their in-house logistics first in the most lucrative niches, such as parcel delivery in dense urban areas , while slowly expanding into other areas.
As that happens, they threaten to shunt logistics companies toward low-margin services, which may not justify an investment in automation. The moves by big e-commerce companies to build more warehouses in the last mile, and offer same-day as well as instant delivery, are a potent step in that direction, and logistics companies will have to carefully monitor the pace of change. If logistics companies are to fulfill customer expectations during peaks, they will have significant spare capacity for three-quarters of the year.
And if they do not build sufficient capacity for peaks, e-commerce giants have further incentive to build their own capabilities, as Amazon did after the Christmas season. We combed the industry and found more than 50 technologies that could further automate some part of the supply chain , including many in logistics Exhibit 2. The question that confronts logistics companies and warehouse companies is simple enough: Which ones will take off to yield the greatest return on investment?
No one wants to buy technology that becomes obsolete shortly after acquisition. Not only would that leave a company less efficient than competitors that made better choices, it would also leave it worse off than those competitors that made no investment at all. The cost of removing and replacing equipment, much of it not fully depreciated, would put unlucky investors in a deep hole.
Even if a logistics company makes a great choice about the automation equipment to buy, it can run into another problem. The leading warehouse-automation manufacturers have enjoyed strong revenue growth of 15 to 20 percent annually since At many, order books are now full. In , the order book at Vanderlande Industries reached an all-time high.
Our conversations with many would-be buyers, especially at parcel companies, suggest that manufacturers operating at full capacity cannot even provide them with quotes. Part of the problem is that the manufacturers are not yet at scale. Many companies, including the market leaders, are focused on a narrow range of technologies and solutions.
Notably, large technology conglomerates are investing in automation start-ups. For example, in , Siemens took a 50 percent stake in Magazino, a start-up that builds automated picking robots. Once the dust has settled, some larger companies that are better able to meet demand may emerge. Then again, such companies will also have stronger pricing power. A related issue is some confusion at logistics companies about which advanced equipment they truly need. We have seen purchase prices for the same equipment vary by as much as 50 percent.
Posted May 14, Electric vans, utes and eventually cars will be assembled in Adelaide from next year, with start-up company ACE EV to sign an agreement with an Adelaide-based business today. ACE EV's first electric car manufactured in Australia was built in a warehouse south of Brisbane by a team that included a German engineer, a translator and a handful of workers. Up to half of the parts will be made in South Australia, with the rest to be imported mostly from China. Mr McGarvie said the company had not been given any funding from the state or federal governments, but had chosen Adelaide because of its appetite for new technology.
Automation in logistics: Big opportunity, bigger uncertainty
Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy. Our flagship business publication has been defining and informing the senior-management agenda since Electric vehicles are beginning to win considerable attention but are still rarely sighted on American roads. Through the first half of , fewer than , battery EVs BEVs had been sold in the United States, or about 1 percent of all cars.
ACE EV to sign agreement to build electric vehicles in Adelaide starting in 2020
Material handling equipment MHE is mechanical equipment used for the movement, storage, control and protection of materials, goods and products throughout the process of manufacturing, distribution, consumption and disposal. Transport equipment is used to move material from one location to another e. Material can also be transported manually using no equipment. Conveyors are used when material is to be moved frequently between specific points over a fixed path and when there is a sufficient flow volume to justify the fixed conveyor investment.
We've made some changes to EPA. The electric power grid operates based on a delicate balance between supply generation and demand consumer use. One way to help balance fluctuations in electricity supply and demand is to store electricity during periods of relatively high production and low demand, then release it back to the electric power grid during periods of lower production or higher demand. In some cases, storage may provide economic, reliability, and environmental benefits. Depending on the extent to which it is deployed, electricity storage could help the utility grid operate more efficiently, reduce the likelihood of brownouts during peak demand, and allow for more renewable resources to be built and used. In addition to these technologies, new technologies are currently under development, such as flow batteries, supercapacitors, and superconducting magnetic energy storage. According to the U. Department of Energy, the United States had more than 25 gigawatts of electrical energy storage capacity as of March Of that total, 94 percent was in the form of pumped hydroelectric storage, and most of that pumped hydroelectric capacity was installed in the s.
Contract signed for construction of modern warehouse
Warehouses, defined here, are facilities that provide a proper environment for the purpose of storing goods and materials that require protection from the elements. Warehouses must be designed to accommodate the loads of the materials to be stored, the associated handling equipment, the receiving and shipping operations and associated trucking, and the needs of the operating personnel. The economics of modern commercial warehouses dictate that goods are processed in minimal turnaround time. Heated and unheated general warehouses —provide space for bulk, rack, and bin storage, aisle space, receiving and shipping space, packing and crating space, and office and toilet space;.
Commercial buildings include a variety of building types —offices, hospitals, schools, police stations, places of worship, warehouses, hotels, and shopping malls. Electricity and natural gas are the most common energy sources used in commercial buildings. Most individual commercial buildings have their own heating and cooling systems. However, there are district energy systems that supply heating and cooling to groups of commercial buildings. When many buildings are close together, such as on a college campus or in a city, having a central heating and cooling plant that distributes steam, hot water, or chilled water to multiple buildings is sometimes more efficient. District energy systems may also produce electricity along with heating and cooling energy. District energy systems generally use fossil fuels coal, natural gas, or fuel oil , although some use renewable sources of energy biomass, geothermal, solar, and wind energy. Click to enlarge.
The Growing Potential of EV Battery Warehouses
Amazon announced today Sept. The order represents the largest purchase of light-duty electric vehicles EVs in history, and a turning point for the EV market which will now likely see fleets electrify faster than ever before. The company has not yet released a production vehicle, but says it plans to produce more than 60, vehicles by It builds most of its physical components outside Detroit, and its software, battery, and control systems in San Jose, California. Vehicle assembly and production occurs at its 2. If it can dominate the light- and heavy-duty truck market, it will have nabbed on the most lucrative and largest markets from the US EV pioneer. Experienced carmakers such as Audi have been tripped up with similar production targets in their own EV program. But where Amazon goes, so does the market.
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The warehouse will be 19 square metres in area, which corresponds to 43 pallet positions. The warehouse is important for several reasons. Not only will all of Borregaard's lignin now be stored in a centrally located logistics warehouse, but the position of the port will also be strengthened. Increased volumes will allow for transport to more European destinations, which will also benefit other users of the port. The new warehouse will optimise product flow and improve logistics. Lignin is currently transported via Borregaard's own port facility or by road to Borg for delivery to customers. A new warehouse to store all the lignin will therefore mean more efficient logistics with fewer stages of transportation.
This three-floor, 54, sq m industrial warehouse is just minutes from downtown Seattle. The first of its kind in the US, the building features truck ramps leading to loading docks on the second level, and a third floor for lighter-scale warehouse operations, served via forklift-accessible freight elevators. The site also includes a pick-up shop allowing customers to collect and return parcels. The company expects to open seven more micro all-electric units across the city.
Forklifts, warehouse trucks, services and solutions from Toyota
The future of warehouses
We've made some changes to EPA. The transportation sector accounts for a small fraction of electricity use, though this fraction could increase as electric vehicles become more widespread. All types of end-users can reduce electricity use through energy efficiency.
German automotive giant Daimler AG recently announced its second project to use an EV spare parts storage facility to provide power grid balancing services. This innovative use of spare battery packs provides two benefits for the company. First, lithium ion Li-ion batteries must be cycled on a regular basis to maintain optimal performance, and the operation of the facility will ensure a deliberate, battery conserving pattern of charging and discharging. Second, Daimler can generate revenue with this spare parts storage facility that would otherwise simply be a cost impetus.