Rye has been a popular bread grain in many parts of Europe for hundreds of years, second only to wheat. In spite of the large number of Americans whose ancestors emigrated here from those countries, breads made with rye are not as popular here as they are in Europe. This is unfortunate because a properly-made loaf of rye, containing a balanced combination of rye and wheat flour, or all rye flour, will emerge from the oven with a unique aroma that only rye can contribute. By varying the amount of rye flour in the formula, and extending fermentation, you can customize this bread to your personal preference. An excellent loaf of rye bread can be made with only 12 percent rye flour, a fermented wheat-flour starter, a pinch of commercial yeast, salt, and water. The result will be a loaf with stunning flavor, texture, and good keeping quality.
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- Demystifying real rye bread
- The 7 Healthiest Types of Bread
- Baking German Bread
- Made by Hand with Love
- Flour Power: Your Definitive Guide to Baking With White, Wheat, and More
- 7 Easy Steps to Making an Incredible Sourdough Starter From Scratch
- 2.8: Flour in Baking
- How to Bake the Best Healthy Bread From Scratch
Demystifying real rye breadVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Which Flour for Baking Bread ? Sourdough Bread Series
When it comes to baking healthy bread, the simplest way to boost nutrition is to use whole-grain flours. Bread, like most foods, is generally healthier when made with whole, unprocessed ingredients without a lot of additives. I'll show you how to choose which flours and other ingredients are best for making healthy breads, and how to work with them so your bread turns out just right.
I'll also point you to top-rated bread recipes that are packed with nutrients and taste great, too. When whole grains are milled into refined flour, the bran and germ are removed, leaving only the endosperm. The flours are sometimes fortified by adding back vitamins or some amount of bran and germ, but it isn't really the same. Whole-grain flours, on the other hand, are made by grinding the entire kernel.
Whole-grain flour keeps most of the nutrients the grains started with. Whole-grain flours also have a lower glycemic index than refined flours, meaning that they don't raise blood sugar as quickly or as much. Foods with a higher glycemic index increase the risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease, according to reliable sources like Harvard's School of Public Health , so aim for a lower index when possible. Some whole-grain flours are better suited for baking breads than others, especially if you want to bake mostly or entirely with whole grains.
Here are some of the most commonly used whole grains. Easy to find, and tastes familiar. It's also relatively simple to make a good bread entirely from whole wheat flour, even though many recipes do cut it with all-purpose or bread flour.
White whole wheat flour has a milder flavor. Fabulous Homemade Bread combines whole wheat flour, bread flour, and oats to make a top-rated loaf. Whole Wheat Honey Bread is made in a bread machine with whole wheat flour and a touch of honey. Dee's Health Bread has extra texture from cracked wheat, flax seeds, and sunflower seeds added to the mix.
Made from an ancient grain in the same family as wheat, has a pleasantly nutty flavor and is high in protein. Although spelt is lower in gluten than regular wheat, it is not safe for those with celiac disease.
Spelt Bread uses spelt flour and a bit of sugar for flavor. You could substitute honey, if you wish. Very Simple Spelt Bread is a no-knead recipe made without yeast. Spelt Flour Bread Machine Challah combines white spelt flour with whole grain spelt flour, and is made in your bread machine. Oatmeal bread often incorporates rolled oats. Oats can also be ground into flour, adding heartiness and sweetness to flour blends. Old-Fashioned Oatmeal Brown Bread yields a dense, slightly sweet yeast bread made with rolled oats and bread flour.
Oatmeal Raisin Molasses Bread is sweetened with molasses and a generous dose of raisins. Read the reviews to see the flour substitutions some home cooks made. This high-fiber grain can be ground into flour which may or may not contain all of the bran, germ, and endosperm which would qualify it as a whole-grain flour.
White, light, and medium rye flours are not whole grain; dark rye flour is whole grain IF it says so on the package, Rye meal can be ground from coarse to fine, and is usually whole grain, but you should check the package. Pumpernickel flour or meal is coarse-grained and is usually whole grain, but again, check the package to be sure. Uncle Wynn's Bread Machine Rye has dark rye flour, bread flour, vital wheat gluten, and caraway seeds in the mix.
Romanov Russian Black Bread is a densely textured loaf made with dark rye flour. Remember how the germs in whole grains are capable of sprouting into new plants?
Some people let those germs begin to sprout. Then they either grind the sprouted grains into a wet mixture or dry the sprouted grains to grind into flour.
Fans believe sprouted grains are better for you and that their nutrients are also more accessible and digestible. All you need to sprout your own grains are the grains wheat berries are a common choice , a mason jar, and a piece of cheesecloth. Full sprouting directions are here. Just make sure you have a few days to sprout your grains before baking your bread!
Or, if you don't want to DIY, sprouted grain flours can be purchased at some stores or ordered online. Essene bread, sometimes called Manna bread, is probably the most widely-known version of sprouted grain bread. Essene Bread gives you directions for sprouting and grinding wheat berries; you'll want to allow several days for the entire process.
The result is a dense, moist, sweet loaf. Reviewers recommend not letting the berries sprout more than the quarter inch specified in the recipe, otherwise the bread starts tasting a little grassy. Essene Bread For The Bread Machine uses a combination of ground sprouted wheat berries and whole wheat flour. Even if you're sensitive to gluten or have celiac disease, you can make healthy bread with whole-grain flours. Some whole-grain flours are naturally gluten-free, including sweet sorghum , earthy buckwheat , nutty amaranth , teff used to make injera, the spongy Ethiopian flatbread , mild millet and slightly bitter quinoa.
Breads made with just these flours, though, won't have the open crumb and lofty rise that wheat flours provide. In some cases, they won't even hold together. Most recipes combine these whole-grain flours with other ingredients to bind and shape the loaf. Generally speaking, these breads are still healthier than gluten-free flours that aren't made from whole grains. Additionally, nut flours like almond flour and hazelnut flour are packed with protein and are useful both for gluten-free bakers and for carb-conscious breadmakers living the Paleo life.
Wonderful Gluten-Free White Bread uses a mix of rice flour, sorghum flour, and potato starch. Delicious Gluten-Free Buckwheat and Millet Bread is made with buckwheat groats, millet, sunflower seeds, and chia seeds.
Ketogenic Bread features almond flour, coconut oil, and eggs. Get more recipes for gluten-free bread. Whole-grain flours spoil faster than refined flours. This is mainly because they contain oils that turn rancid.
For best results, store them in the freezer. Depending on the types of flour, the non-profit Whole Grains Council says freezing will keep them fresh between 2 months and 6 months, doubling their pantry shelf-life.
Keep the flour in an airtight bag or container regardless of where you store it. Ideally, buy the flours from a high-turnover business so that they haven't already spent too much time on the shelf. Start with Small Substitutions. Don't just substitute whole-grain flours for all the refined flour in your favorite bread recipes. Doughs made with a large percentage of whole-grain flours don't behave the same as doughs made with refined flours.
Start out by swapping out small amounts of refined flour for whole-grain flour and see what it does to the taste and texture. Add Moisture. Once your flour mix contains one-third to one-half whole grains, most bread recipes will require more liquid. Experiment with different whole-grain recipes to find the flavors and textures you like best. Many interesting flour options are widely available now at markets or from online sources like Bob's Red Mill.
Adding even a small percentage of whole-grain flour to your recipe will add some nutritional value to your bread, plus some bonus flavor, color, and texture. Give DIY a Try. Some serious bakers have countertop flour mills at home, but you can also grind your own flour in a powerful blender or, for small amounts, a dedicated coffee grinder.
Seek out other nutritious additions to your breads, whether you swear by seeds , nuts, or other favorites. Ezekiel breads, one popular choice, incorporate protein-packed ingredients like beans and legumes.
This Ezekiel bread , also known as Bible Bread, includes cooked lentils, while this Ezekiel bread and this bread machine version call for finely ground dried beans and lentils. Problem: Bread is dense. The biggest problem most people face is that their breads are squatter and denser than what they're used to seeing. What can you do about it, besides adjusting expectations? In recipes that mix whole-grain and refined flours, consider using high-protein bread flour rather than all-purpose flour.
Some people add vital wheat gluten to whole-grain recipes to improve the texture, as with this Irresistible Whole Wheat Challah.
Problem: Bread is dry. Making a "soaker" for the dough can improve the texture and even flavor. That's when bakers soak some or all of the flour in liquid before combining it with the other ingredients.
This Simple Whole Wheat Bread uses a variation on that strategy. Problem: Bread falls apart. To help whole-grain loaves hold their shape better, try giving the dough a long, slow final rise in the refrigerator rather than a shorter rise on the counter. Be aware, if you are using small-batch flours or home-ground ingredients, that they may not produce consistent results. Use your own judgment and adjust recipe variables like rising time as needed.
Read the label. Watch out for added sugar or other sweeteners, even if they're labeled as "natural" sweeteners. When buying breads, choose options that are free of artificial preservatives or flavorings. Salt is an essential ingredient in bread, but packaged breads sometimes contain too much -- the nutrition label will tell you how much of the recommended daily amount each slice contains, making it easier to compare different choices.
Finally, take a closer look at terms that sound good but are hard to define. For instance, a bread can be "multigrain," which just means that it contains more than one type of grain, without necessarily being good for you.
This Hearty Multigrain Bread has two kinds of grains and three types of seeds. Flax and Sunflower Seed Bread uses half white and half wheat flour.
First, a word of advice. Sourdough baking is as much art as science. This method for making sourdough starter isn't an exact match for the one you read on another site, or in a cookbook, or in your great-grandma's diary. If you have a process you've successfully followed before, then hey, stick with it. Or try this one and compare.
The 7 Healthiest Types of Bread
When it comes to baking healthy bread, the simplest way to boost nutrition is to use whole-grain flours. Bread, like most foods, is generally healthier when made with whole, unprocessed ingredients without a lot of additives. I'll show you how to choose which flours and other ingredients are best for making healthy breads, and how to work with them so your bread turns out just right. I'll also point you to top-rated bread recipes that are packed with nutrients and taste great, too. When whole grains are milled into refined flour, the bran and germ are removed, leaving only the endosperm.
Baking German Bread
Flour, water, salt. Nothing more, nothing less. If you had told me many years ago that I could make enticingly crunchy, tender, healthy bread at home with only these elemental ingredients, I would not have believed you. I would have claimed that baking bread requires a professional mixer, a big oven, and a list of ingredients so long your eyes start to glaze over.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How to Make Easy Homemade Rye Bread
Flour forms the foundation for bread, cakes, and pastries. It may be described as the skeleton, which supports the other ingredients in a baked product. This applies to both yeast and chemically leavened products. The strength of flour is represented in protein gluten quality and quantity. This varies greatly from flour to flour. The quality of the protein indicates the strength and stability of the flour, and the result in bread making depends on the method used to develop the gluten by proper handling during the fermentation. Gluten is a rubber-like substance that is formed by mixing flour with water. Before it is mixed it contains two proteins. In wheat, these two proteins are gliadin and glutenin.
Made by Hand with Love
When a person first starts to bake bread , they are excited just to achieve an edible product. Later in their bread baking career, they want to bake bread just like they do at the bakery. If they have been to Europe, they want to be able to duplicate European style bread.
Handbook of Breadmaking Technology. The author's aim in writing this book is to integrate currently available knowledge concerning the basic scientific and technological aspects of breadmaking processes with the diverse breadmaking methods used to manufacture bread in Europe and on the North American continent today. To date, the main technological advances have been in process mechanization, starting with oven development, then dough processing or make-up equipment, followed by continuous and batch mixing techniques from the s to the present time. On the engineering side, universal emphasis is now being placed on the application of high technology, in the form of microprocessors, computer-controlled equipment and robotization, the long-term objective being computer integrated manufacture CIM with full automation within the large chain bakery groups in the capitalist countries and the state-run collectives of Eastern Europe. The application of these key technologies with biotechnology, as yet only applied to a limited degree in food manufacture, coupled with advances in biochemical and rheological understanding of dough as a biomass for breadmaking, should provide us with more expertise and ability to control the processes with greater efficiency. The application of fermentable substrates and industrial enzymes under strict kinetic control should contribute to improving the flavour characteristics of bread. Current trends towards improving the nutritional contribution of bread to the daily diet are improving the competitive edge of bread as a basic food in the market-place. Process Variables. Handbook of Breadmaking Technology C. Consistency Control. Handbook of Breadmaking Technology Charles A.
Flour Power: Your Definitive Guide to Baking With White, Wheat, and More
Wheat, whole-wheat, bleached, gluten-free…when it comes to baking with flour, there are more choices than ever. It's a big, scary world in the field of flour, so we spoke to four experts: baker Alex Bois of Philadelphia's High Street on Market one of our Best New Restaurants! Tie on an apron—we're about to take a deep dive into the flour bin. Wheat's seed head the top of the plant is made from three portions: the germ, the bran, and the endosperm. White flour has been stripped of the bran and germ, leaving behind the fine, pale endosperm. It is more shelf-stable than whole wheat flour, but as a result, has a milder flavor and less nutritive qualities—the bulk of the fiber and protein are contained in the bran and germ. Whole wheat flour is made from grinding all three portions of the seed head.
7 Easy Steps to Making an Incredible Sourdough Starter From Scratch
Rowley has much to offer: scenes of the village, and the historic town common, or the "Training Place," where Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec encamped in , the picturesque Glen Mills area with its stone arch bridge, and the site of the first fulling mill in the colonies , which manufactured the first cloth made in the Western world. The book displays images of country stores, wagon peddlers, and early gristmills and sawmills. It also shows shoe manufacturing, boatbuilding at its peak in , farming, and salt marsh haying. It truly brings to life another era in American history. The three authors, longtime members of the historical society, have brought together some two hundred images to create a vivid pictorial history of Rowley.
2.8: Flour in Baking
How to Bake the Best Healthy Bread From Scratch
My bread baking journey started with the recipe on the back of the King Arthur whole wheat flour bag. After a time, I graduated to focaccia, pita, ciabatta, and other rustic breads.
Nederlandse versie in de maak! A lot has been written about sourdough starter cultures. You can find long and elaborate articles on how to make your own starter while using things like pineapple and grapes.
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