By digital slicing of CAD, 3D scan, or tomography data, AM builds objects layer by layer without the need for molds or machining. AM enables decentralized fabrication of customized objects on demand by exploiting digital information storage and retrieval via the Internet. The ongoing transition from rapid prototyping to rapid manufacturing prompts new challenges for mechanical engineers and materials scientists alike. Because polymers are by far the most utilized class of materials for AM, this Review focuses on polymer processing and the development of polymers and advanced polymer systems specifically for AM. AM techniques covered include vat photopolymerization stereolithography , powder bed fusion SLS , material and binder jetting inkjet and aerosol 3D printing , sheet lamination LOM , extrusion FDM, 3D dispensing, 3D fiber deposition, and 3D plotting , and 3D bioprinting. The range of polymers used in AM encompasses thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, hydrogels, functional polymers, polymer blends, composites, and biological systems.
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FundamentalsVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Hot Stamping and Screen Printing for Glass Decoration
A4 Paper ISO standard paper size x mm or 8. The common paper size used outside the US in place of 8. Abrasion Resistance Resistance to frictional rubbing as distinct from resistance to knocks and impacts.
Abrasion tests may be made by means of the finger alone, or with a cloth or a pad with or without a mildly abrasive powder. The pressure, speed and time of rubbing as well as the character of the rubbing agent should be controlled when making comparisons of abrasion resistance. Accordion Fold Two or more folds parallel to each other with adjacent folds in opposite directions, resembling the bellows of an accordion.
Acid-Free Paper Paper made from pulp containing little or no acid so it resists deterioration from age. Also called alkaline paper, archival paper, neutral pH paper, permanent paper and thesis paper. Adhesive Binding Applying glue or another, usually hot-melt substance, along the backbone edges of assembled, printed sheets.
The book or magazine cover is applied directly on top of the tacky adhesive. Alternative term: perfect binding. Against The Grain At right angles to the grain direction of the paper being used, as opposed to with the grain. Also named across the grain and cross grain. Align Lining up characters and images on a document using a base or vertical line as a reference point.
Anti-Offset Powder A fine powder that is sprayed over the printed surface of coated paper as it leaves the press, this prevents set-off. Aqueous Coating This clear coating is used to protect your printed pieces. It provides a high-gloss surface that deters dirt and fingerprints. It also looks beautiful on brochures, catalogue covers, and stand-alone flyers. Higher qualities often contain cotton. Best practice is to supply artwork as a high resolution PDF minimum dpi , with crop marks and 3mm bleed.
These are sometimes chargeable, as opposed to in-house errors which are not. Back Slant Any type that tilts to the left or backward direction; opposite of italic type. Back Up In printing, to print the second side of a sheet already printed on one side. In computers, to make a copy of your work on a separate disk in case something happens to the original.
Banding Method of packaging printed pieces using paper, rubber, or fibreglass bands. Banker Envelope An envelope that has a long closure flap across the long edge of the envelope. Basis Weight Basis or basic weight refers to the weight, of a ream sheets of paper cut to a given standard size for that particular paper grade. Bind To attach pages of a book or other publications to each other with staples, adhesives, thread, wire or other means, commonly between two covers.
Binder A book-like device used to hold a quantity of sheets, commonly loose-leaf paper. Binders can either be temporary or permanent, the former allowing the easy removal and insertion of sheets, the latter not. Binding The fastening of the assembled sheets or signatures along one edge of a publication.
There are many different methods of binding including saddle stitching, perfect and burst binding. Bitmap BMP An image represented by an array of picture elements, each of which is encoded as a single binary digit.
It receives the inked image from the plate and transfers it to the surface to be printed. The additional area is then trimmed off in line with the crop marks once the job is complete. Bleed Size The size of the artwork including external bleed.
Blind Emboss A design that is stamped or pressed into a piece of paper, without the use of ink. Body Copy Text or graphics printed other than on tab extensions i.
Booklet Mailer Envelope designed to open on the long edge for ease of inserting documents that cannot be folded. Also called wallet envelope. Burst Binding A method that binds text pages by forcing glue into notches along the spines of gathered signatures before affixing a paper cover.
Also called notch bind and slotted bind. Butt Fit Ink colours overlapped only a hairline so they appear perfectly butted.
Calender To make paper smooth and glossy by passing it between rollers during manufacturing. Caliper The measurement for the thickness of a sheet of paper or board, expressed in microns or millionths of a metre. Carbonless Paper Chemically treated paper that enables transfer of impression from one sheet to another with pressure from writing.
Also known as NCR Paper. Case Bind Method to bind using glue to hold signatures to a case made of binder board covered with fabric, plastic or leather. Also named cloth bind, edition bind, hard bind and hard cover. Cast Coated Board Coated paper dried under pressure against a polished cylinder to produce a high-gloss enamel finish. Celloglaze A plastic film heat bonded to printed products such as booklet covers, business cards and postcards. This provides protection, as well as a matt or gloss finish.
It can be applied to one side, or both sides of a printed item. Also sometimes referred to as laminate or cellosheen. Centre Marks Lines on a mechanical, negative, plate, or press sheet indicating the centre of a layout. Centre Spread The two pages that face each other in the centre of a book or publication. Chain Lines Lines that appear on laid paper as a result of the wires of the papermaking machine.
Chalking A powdering effect left on the surface of the paper after the printing process is complete. Choke Technique of slightly reducing the size of an image to create a hairline trap or to outline. Also called shrink and skinny.
Clip Art Graphic images, designs, and artwork in digital form that can be used in a digital document. Clipping Path An outline, embedded into the file, that tells an application which areas of a picture should be considered transparent.
CMYK Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key black , the 4 process colours, which combined together in varying proportions can be made to produce the full colour spectrum. Coarse Screen Halftone screens commonly used in newsprint; up to 85 lines per inch. Coated Paper Paper with a coating of clay and calcium carbonate is applied to the surface of the paper to create the smooth surface.
The coating improves reflectivity and ink holdout. Coil Binding Where a metal or plastic wire is spiralled through holes punched along the side of a stack of paper. Commonly used for reports, proposals and manuals.
Documents bound with coil have the ability to lay flat and can rotate degrees. Also called spiral binding. Cold Lamination gloss or matt Lamination process using pressure sensitive adhesives to bind film to the material being laminated. This is a preferred option when laminating heat-sensitive work. Collate In bindery and finishing, to gather sheets or printed signatures together in their correct order. See also gather. Collating Marks In printing, a set of numbered symbols that are printed on the folded edge of press signatures as a means of indicating the proper collating or gathering sequence.
Colour Balance The relative amounts of process colours used to reproduce an image, either digitally or when printed on a press. Colour Control Bar A colour test strip that is printed on the waste portion of a press sheet. It helps a press operator to evaluate and control the quality of the printed material relative to ink density, registration and dot gain.
The Colour Control Bar can also include a Star Target, which is designed to detect inking and press problems. Colour Correction Using a computer to adjust, change or manipulate a colour image, such as retouching, adjusting colour balance, colour saturation, contrast, etc.
Colour Gamut The entire range of hues possible to reproduce on a specific system, such as a computer screen, or four-colour printing press. Colour Matching System System of numbered ink swatches that facilitates communication about colour. Colour Separation The separation of the colours making up a full colour original; usually into the three primaries C,M,Y plus black, each of which will be reproduced by a separated printing plate.
Colour Sequence The order in which process inks are printed on a printing press. Also called the colour rotation or lay down sequence. Comb Bind To bind by inserting the teeth of a flexible plastic comb through holes punched along the edge of a stack of paper. Commonly used for catalogues, reports and manuals.
Also called plastic bind. Concertina Fold A method of folding in which each fold opens in the opposite direction to its neighbour, giving a concertina or pleated effect. Continuous Stationery Forms which are produced from reels of paper and then fan folded. These can be either single or multi-part forms. Contrast The degree of tonal separation or gradation in the range from black to white. Copy For an editor or typesetter, all written material.
For a graphic designer or printer, everything that will be printed: art, photographs, and graphics as well as words. Copyright Ownership of creative work by the writer, photographer, or artist who made it. Corflute A hollow fluted plastic board manufactured from lightweight extruded polypropylene.
Coverage Extent to which ink covers the surface of a substrate. Ink coverage is usually expressed as light, medium or heavy. Crash Folding When a document requires more than one fold and any subsequent folds cross over previous folds, e.
This film is used for laminating all kinds of printed and non printed paper. It offers excellent resistance to scuff marks and scratches, which may develop during handling and transportation. The matte surface of the film is ideal for post laminating procedures such as UV spot coating, hot foil stamping, embossing etc. Fuller: adhesive expertise is key to assuring food safety Commentary QR renaissance?
A4 Paper ISO standard paper size x mm or 8. The common paper size used outside the US in place of 8. Abrasion Resistance Resistance to frictional rubbing as distinct from resistance to knocks and impacts. Abrasion tests may be made by means of the finger alone, or with a cloth or a pad with or without a mildly abrasive powder. The pressure, speed and time of rubbing as well as the character of the rubbing agent should be controlled when making comparisons of abrasion resistance.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Leather foil stamping and heat embossing
AA: Authors Alterations, changes other than corrections, made by a client after the proofing process has begun. Abrasion marks: Marks on a photographic print or film appearing as streaks or scratches, caused by the condition of the developer. Can be partially removed by swabbing with alcohol. Abrasion resistance: Ability to withstand the effects of repeated rubbing and scuffing. Also called scuff or rub resistance. Abrasion test: A test designed to determine the ability to withstand the effects of rubbing and scuffing. Absorption: In paper, the property which causes it to take up liquids or vapors in contact with it.
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Held at Brussels Expo from Sept. Attracting 35, visitors, attendance figures were up The show also posted an increase in visitors from outside Europe with
Welcome to ThinkWithInk. The one place where you are truly a valued customer. At ThinkWithInk. Whether it is the impression you portray to your customers through quality prints or the five thousand impressions of a brochure that you need to have by Thursday for an important marketing campaign. Not A Member? Forgotten Password. Acid Resist - An acid-proof protective coating applied to metal plates prior to etching. Acid-free Paper - Papermade from pulp containing little or no acid so it resists deterioration from age. Also called alkaline paper, archival paper, neutral pH paper, permanent paper and thesis paper.
Providing a wide range off unctions and short set-up times, the Automatic Die Cutter can be used flexibly for many cutting a finishing operations. Largest Paper Size: Smallest Paper Size: 3. Inside Chase: Power Required: 1. Weight: 60 tons Full and complete Available immediately Located in England. Weight approx. The exact machine name is PE p. With pneumatic sliding table.
WO2014064114A1 - Hot stamping machine - Google Patents
The invention relates to a hot embossing device according to the preamble of the subject of claim 1. Hot embossing devices are used to transfer a transfer layer arranged on a carrier layer of a hot embossing film to a substrate under the action of temperature and pressure. For this purpose, a heated embossing roller is provided, which cooperates with a counter-pressure roller. The carrier layer is downstream of an embossing gap formed between the embossing roller and the counterpressure roller by means of a. Stripper removed from the transferred to the substrate transfer layer. When using a profiled embossing roll only. Embossing roller, transferring the transfer layer to the substrate, so that the drawn backing layer also has remnants of the transfer layer, in particular according to the negative shape of the profiling on the embossing roll. In the spacer space between the embossing gap and the release device, at least in the vicinity of the embossing gap, the transfer layer is still relatively easy to detach from the substrate, because the composite of substrate and.
It is proposed in the form of a strip, a security element that is variable optical effects, depending on the illumination or viewing angle, said optical effects provided only in one or more defined limited, spaced apart surface portions and the strip outside the visually variable surface regions transparent or the appearance is adapted to the surface of the substrate. The invention relates to the surface of a substrate, particularly a document of value such as bank note, check, share, credit card, etc. Such security elements are especially on banknotes, but also on other, according to terms of quality or originality to be protected documents, but in addition also on objects used increasingly. For example, bear the low EURO banknotes 5-, and euro bills have respective strip-like security elements, in which achieved by an optically active structure, that the appearance of the corresponding strip-shaped security element in dependence on the illumination or viewing angle changes, for example.
Like all industries, the packaging industry has a language of its own. Click below to see all terms that begin with a desired letter and find out what it all means! Applied color lettering.
Innovative Machines is a designer and manufacturer of high-speed, precision industrial screen printing machines. Pad printing machines can be used to print onto a vast spectrum of products from promo gifts, pens, golf balls, computer keys pads, shower panels, perfume bottles to name but a few. These companies offer a comprehensive range of Pad Printing Services, as well as a variety of related products and services. Graph pads, calendars internal forms, delivery notes, invoices and more.