The number one priority of every manufacturing company and specifically flour millers is to compete favorably and possibly control the largest market share. This ambitious target or goal can only be achieved by the production of consistently good quality products for the customers. What is quality? In order to assure continued satisfaction from customers, everyone must understand firstly what quality is and what it is not. It is very important not to assume that the quality control department alone can control the quality that customer sees and most often, this is the situation. These products are tested for compliance with the standard in all critical quality parameters before releasing for sale to customers.
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The food industry is a sector in which chemistry plays a huge role. Chemical preparations are used in food production and processing, such as drying, pasteurization, cooling, fermentation, cleaning and washing.
They are crucial for maintaining a high quality products. Some chemicals are used as direct food additives to improve its taste, aroma and appearance. These additives can also act as preservatives, preventing spoilage by inhibiting the activity of microorganisms. Another application of chemical products in the food industry is the production of packaging intended for contact with food. These include various types of foils, containers, boxes, cutlery and many more. The food industry is one of the most diversified industrial areas.
Food products are produced both in highly mechanized factories and in small, local plants that base their income on seasonal production. Many branches of the food industry show total dependence on local agriculture or fisheries. The growing range of products, as well as difficulties related to transport, storage and low durability of food, resulted in the gradual introduction of new technologies and production processes.
Moreover, demographic pressure and uneven distribution of agricultural resources have an impact on the food industry, forcing food producers to improve distribution and logistics processes. This is mainly due to the fact that the food industry provides the market with new and more diversified products with a large number of equivalents and substitutes.
The global production of food products is growing year on year. A significant part of this increase is attributed to the increased demand for processed food and beverages, mainly in developing countries, where the market has not yet been saturated. The food sector is the most widespread and diverse branch of the processing industry. It consists of a number of industries, such as:. The meat industry covers all companies involved in the processing of meat raw material, i. The meat industry is the largest industry in the food sector.
In addition, the fish industry also handles portioning, filleting, marinating, canning and smoking fish. In the dairy industry, hydrochloric acid is used, which is dosed additionally in the production of a number of products, for example, curd and homogenized cheeses, or yogurts. The synthetic hydrochloric acid offered by the PCC Group is characterized by a very high quality due to the low content of impurities resulting from the method of production used combustion of chlorine in hydrogen.
It can also be used as an acidity regulator in food products E Another product frequently used in the dairy industry is soda lye. Thanks to its properties it can be used for disinfection of milking equipment and tanks used for transport and storage of dairy products.
During the production of sugar from sugar beet, the formation of foam is a serious problem. Another product dedicated to the sugar industry is Rokrysol PZW. It is a polyacrylic acid sodium salt, which is used in the sugar industry as a chemical agent to prevent overgrowing of the heating surface of the evaporator. A by-product associated with the processing of seeds is bruised grain used mainly as a feed component. It is divided into three industries: brewing, spirits and wine.
Sodium hypochlorite is used very often as a disinfectant in the production of wine and beer. Storage of raw materials and finished products is a key aspect in the food sector.
This is particularly important in the case of seasonal production, e. The method of storage varies depending on the product's nature liquid or solid state , preservation methods and packaging in sacks, boxes, bottles, in bulk. Premises intended for storing food must be designed so that they meet the appropriate operating and maintenance conditions, e. There are many methods of food packaging. One of them is preservation, which is used mainly in the meat and fish industry. In this case, the basic material used for the production of packaging is galvanized low-carbon steel or aluminum sheet.
In the food industry, glass packaging is also commonly used, mainly for packaging of preserves, juices, pastes and concentrates.
The main advantage of glass packaging is that it is chemically inert and can be used many times. The most widely used type of packaging in the food industry are containers made of plastics. They owe their popularity to excellent physicochemical and mechanical properties, such as resistance to chemical compounds, lightness, or susceptibility to forming and joining. They are used in the meat, fruit and vegetable, fish, dairy, confectionery and within many other industries.
The products of the ROKAnol series are a group of additives that can be used in the production process of packaging or food contact materials. Washing and disinfection are very important stages during the food production process, largely affecting the safety and quality of manufactured food products. It is crucial for ensuring the durability of food products, reducing the risks associated with their production, as well as ensuring a clean and friendly work environment.
The use of appropriate cleaning and disinfection processes as well as high-quality cleaning products can effectively prevent microbial contamination. It is particularly dangerous because it can lead to such effects as lowering the quality of the product, damage to health or even life-threatening situations. The cleaning process does not guarantee complete decontamination, but is treated as a preliminary stage of disinfection.
It also has an impact on reducing the amount of waste produced due to food spoilage, which indirectly affects the lifespan of machinery and production installations. In practice, it is possible to distinguish three main factors responsible for the occurrence of contaminants in food products:.
Properly carried out cleaning and disinfection process should remove all undesirable pollutants. There are four factors that determine its effectiveness:. The PCC Group offers a number of ready-made chemical formulations that are widely used as cleaning substances. These products are dedicated to CIP Cleaning in Place systems and ensure quick, effective and reliable cleaning of all types of devices in the production process.
They are specialized preparations used for disinfecting air, rooms, surfaces and devices that come into contact with food and animal nutrition. Hysepta products, thanks to their specially selected composition, are widely used not only in the food industry. They can also be used for disinfection of means of transport, loading surfaces, toilets and air-conditioning systems. Another product group proposed by the PCC Group for cleaning in the food industry is the Neutril series.
These are preparations for manual cleaning and disinfection of surfaces in contact with food and animal nutrition. The Neutril Forte Foam System can be used in all systems and devices designed for foam cleaning. In addition to standard cleaning methods, such as hand washing, the food industry requires a range of specialized technologies to ensure the highest possible security for the final product. Examples of specialized cleaning and disinfection techniques used in the food industry are:.
During this type of washing, water is passed through the nozzle under increased pressure bar. Then the entire cleaned surface is covered with a thin layer of foam, which is also a carrier of chemicals for cleaning and disinfection.
The final stage of washing is rinsing the foam with hot or cold water. These are specialized preparations that dissolve any organic impurities, dedicated to cleaning and disinfecting surfaces and devices that come into contact with food and animal nutrition. It is used in installations that cannot be dismantled for cleaning. This technology includes a programmed cycle consisting of rinsing and cleaning steps.
The process is completely automated. The effective removal of pollutants strongly depends on the physicochemical properties of the cleaning agent. The Lavacide CIP and Solvaren CIP series products are perfect for cleaning installations and closed circuits that are in contact with food and animal feed. They can be configured to meet the specific needs of end-users.
The standard cleaning cycle lasts approximately 45 to 60 min. The advantages of WIP systems in relation to traditional cleaning are: standardization of the cleaning process, energy-saving and the ability to clean areas to which access is difficult. The food sector is an extremely diverse industry. To achieve success, the key issue is to stay in line with the changing needs of customers.
To accomplish this, it is extremely important to use the latest available strategies and technology. Moreover, currently consumers are paying more attention to ecology and quality of food produced. Wide access to modern technologies allows customers to make informed choices about the products they consume.
That is why food safety and a preventive action plan will be one of the most important trends in the food industry in the coming years. Of course, in order to ensure the highest quality of products, it is also very important to use modern packaging solutions.
Plastics are the leaders in this respect, as they are characterized by extreme versatility and, at the same time, relatively low manufacturing costs, thanks to the use of a large number of modern polymers and modifying additives. Modern lubricants are highly specialized and complex products. They contain mainly base oils most often these are petroleum fractions, poly-alpha-olefins, esters, polyalkylene glycols or silicones and a number of additives that reduce friction, increase viscosity, improve lubricating properties or increase corrosion resistance.
Products dedicated to this industry include one- and two-component polyurethane systems, process modifiers, hardeners, acrylic monomers, special additives and many others. Please enter your e-mail address to subscribe to the newsletter. Providing your e-mail address is voluntary, but if you do not, we will not be able to send you a newsletter. You can contact our Data Protection Supervisor by e-mail:. Read more. We will process your data until the communication with you is complete or until you object, unless the law obliges us to process it for a longer period or in case of potential claims, we will store it for the duration of the limitation period which is determined by law, in particular the Civil Code.
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Residues from agriculture and the food industry consist of many and varied wastes, in total accounting for over million tonnes of waste per year in the UK alone. Biotechnological processing of these residues would allow these waste products to be used as a resource, with tremendous potential. An extensive range of valuable and usable products can be recovered from what was previously considered waste: including fuels, feeds and pharmaceutical products. In this way Biotechnology can offer many viable alternatives to the disposal of agricultural waste, producing several new products in the process. This book presents up-to-date information on a biotechnology approach for the utilisation of agro-industrial residues, presenting chapters with detailed information on materials and bioconversion technology to obtain products of economic importance:. Written by experts in Biotechnological processing of Agro-Industrial Residues, this book will provide useful information for academic researchers and industry scientists working in biotechnology, waste management, agriculture and the food industry.
Food Industry. The supply of food free from health risks to the population is actually a challenge. In fact, contaminated food may cause serious infections and jeopardize the health of the population. Owing to their frequency, food-caused infections are a very grave issue to public health.
Microbiological Contamination of Homemade Food
Account Options Sign in. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Get print book. ASMscience Amazon. Shop for Books on Google Play Browse the world's largest eBookstore and start reading today on the web, tablet, phone, or ereader.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Most Satisfying Manufacturing Process Never Seen Before
FOOD & FEED RESEARCH
Valencia is the third largest city in the Spain. Valencia stands on the banks of the Turia River, located on the eastern coast of the Iberian peninsula and the western part of the Mediterranean Sea, fronting the Gulf of Valencia. Valencia enjoyed strong economic growth over the last decade, much of it spurred by tourism and the construction industry with concurrent development and expansion of telecommunications and transport. And due to its location western coast makes it a big contributor in the Spanish aquaculture market.
Jensen, J. Graham and Donald L. Graham, which were revised by Donald L. The term food industries covers a series of industrial activities directed at the processing, conversion, preparation, preservation and packaging of foodstuffs see table The raw materials used are generally of vegetable or animal origin and produced by agriculture, farming, breeding and fishing. This article provides an overview of the complex of food industries. Other articles in this chapter and Encyclopaedia deal with particular food industry sectors and particular hazards. Many food industries depend almost entirely on local agriculture or fishing. In the past, this meant seasonal production and hiring of seasonal workers. Improvements in food processing and preservation technologies have taken some of the pressure off workers to process food quickly to prevent spoilage. This has resulted in a decrease in seasonal employment fluctuations.
Microbial metabolites in nutrition, healthcare and agriculture
All the contents of www. The Project envisages the development of a common methodology for the preparation, storage, dissemination and evaluation of scientific literature in electronic format. As the project develops, new journal titles are being added in the library collection. The objective of the site is to implement an electronic virtual library, providing full access to a collection of serial titles, a collection of issues from individual serial titles, as well as to the full text of articles. The access to both serial titles and articles is available via indexes and search forms. The site will be constantly updated both in form and content, according to the project's advancements. SciELO interface provides access to its serials collection via an alphabetic list of titles or a subject list or a search form by word of serial titles, publisher names, city of publication and subject. The interface also provides access to the full text of articles via author index or subject index , or by a search form on article elements such as author names, words from title, subject, words from the full text and publication year. Click an hypertext link at the top to call the corresponding access page.
Wheat and grain
Our processes and equipment are therefore designed to produce high-quality products and maximum yields. If you increase yields by even a fraction, it goes straight to your bottom line. We create custom-made plants and processes to fit your resources and market trends. We can also support you throughout the entire lifecycle of your mill. We are based in countries, with a network of around service centers. We offer training, maintenance, spare parts and back-up. We can design and install your plant or help with repairs on site. We have worked in milling for more than years. We understand the trends worldwide and can work closely with you to create solutions for your market.
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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Expansion of biobased industrial production in the United States will require an overall scale-up of manufacturing capabilities, di versification of processing technologies, and reduction of costs. The development of efficient ''biorefineries" that integrate production of numerous biobased products would help reduce costs and allow biobased products to compete more effectively with petroleum-based products.
May , Cite as. Microorganisms are a promising source of an enormous number of natural products, which have made significant contribution to almost each sphere of human, plant and veterinary life.
Account Options Sign in. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Access Online via Elsevier Amazon. Encyclopedia of Microbiology.
It is a fact that one of the basic conditions of ensuring the food safety at high levels is supplying low-risk raw materials. Producing the flour and flour products in accordance with food safety begins with obtaining safe wheat. It is stated in the notification that the flour should be produced in accordance with food safety. Thus, as well as flour industrialist has the main responsibility for providing flour safety; the farmers producing the wheat, the persons carrying out the harvest and transportation operations and traders should also apply hygiene and sanitation rules in their operations.