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"laboratory" in Property for Sale & Rent in South AfricaVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Commercial Building - Lab
The laboratory module is the key unit in any lab facility. When designed correctly, a lab module fully coordinates all architectural and engineering systems. A well-designed modular plan provides the following benefits:.
The lab module should encourage change within the building. Research is changing all the time, and buildings must allow for reasonable change. Many private research companies make physical changes to an average of 25 percent of their labs each year.
Academic institutions typically change the layout of 5 to 10 percent of their labs annually. Lab planning modules allow the building to adapt easily to expansions or contractions without sacrificing facility functionality. Most laboratory modules are 10'6" wide, but they vary in depth from 20' to 33', depending on the lab requirements and the cost-effectiveness of the structural system.
The 10'6" dimension is based on two rows of casework and equipment each row 2'6" deep on each wall, a 5' aisle, and 6" for the wall thickness separating one lab from another. If there is an exterior brick module, a 10'8" module may be called for, and an 11' module may be needed if there are several pieces of 3'-deep equipment, high-performance fume hoods or biosafety cabinets.
The additional 4" for each module is an important issue. A building with 30, gross square feet for a single floor plate can fit one more lab module across the depth of the building if 10'8" modules are used instead of 11'.
The additional module depth equates to over linear feet of additional bench space, which could accommodate many research teams. The 5' aisle width is a minimum because of Americans with Disabilities Act requirements and to allow one researcher to pass another without interference. All walls between labs should be 6" thick, whether they are built during initial construction or added later.
If the lab module is too wide, there will be too much circulation area and not enough space for casework and equipment.
If the lab module is too narrow, then either the aisle will be too narrow, creating an unsafe research environment, or there will be room for casework on one wall only.
If the laboratory building design is not based on a lab module, then the initial and long-term operational costs will be higher because of less efficient construction. The typical lab module is shown here three dimensionally with casework and circulation in the an actual lab.
Flexibility increases if a lab module works in two directions. Employing the common width of 10'6" and a depth of either 21' 2 modules at 10'6" or 31'6" 3 modules at 10'6" allows casework to be organized in either direction. This concept is more user-friendly than the basic lab module concept, but it may require more space.
A two-directional grid allows varied lengths of run for casework, which, if movable, can be rearranged to create various workstation types and sizes based on research needs. Utility drops, if necessary, should occur at the intersection of the 10'6" modules. When the lab module is organized to work for both orientations, the laboratories are much more flexible than with a one-directional module.
A three-dimensional lab module combines the basic lab module or a two-directional lab module with any lab corridor arrangement for each floor of a building. This means that a three-dimensional lab module can have a single-corridor arrangement on one floor, a two-corridor layout on another, and so on.
A three-dimensional lab module involves the following requirements:. Focusing on a building three-dimensionally allows the designer to be more responsive to the program needs of the researchers on each floor.
A 3D design allows the corridor arrangement on any floor to be easily changed, facilitating renovations. This approach is highly recommended for most facilities, but it requires much more thought and coordination in the initial design. The floor plans illustrate that multiple corridor arrangements can be provided on different floors to support a variety of programs and allow the building to be even more flexible.
Today's laboratories must be designed to be able to change overnight, largely by the researchers themselves. Sampson Ph. The researcher can easily and safely connect or reconnect instruments to the overhead service carrier.
The overhead service carriers are the "heart" of the CDC laboratories, pumping life for efficient and flexible functioning. To achieve free floor space, all utilities and services are available from the ceiling and wall. The exterior zones of the building, which are more equipment-intensive, have overhead service carriers on a modular basis. The interior zones have vertical service drops able to serve a wide surface area on the floor.
This is a more cost-effective and flexible approach than pre-manufactured service carriers and allows for easy modifications and additions throughout the life of the building. It also allowed the design team to create custom design that corresponds with the aesthetic appeal of the building.
But most unique is that the service carriers allow a gypsum wall to be added or removed without having to tear down the carrier or drop. This allows retrofit within a couple of days! The carriers have integrated snorkel exhausts with connections that drop down from the ceiling in the interior zone. Outrigger lights are also integrated. For added flexibility, the service carriers and drops have the capacity for two additional high-purity gases to be plumbed from the interstitial above.
Services from the interstitial floor above drop down into the service carriers throughout modular openings in the slab. Ceiling utility drop with quick connects and blanks for future gases. Detail of an overhead service carrier showing how a gypsum wall could be added or removed, as required.
Another unique feature of the CDC project was that the structural columns, which typically form vertical obstructions in a space, were made functional for the labs.
The columns are furred out, and wiring and plumbing is stacked vertically. Cold and hot water connections and an acid-waste drain stubout are provided at every wet column, allowing flexibility to add sinks in the future. Temperature-sensitive equipment is cooled by chilled water supply and return.
In addition, two quadruplex V receptacles and two data receptacles provide power to wiremold under the mobile tables when needed. Detail showing wires, process piping and plumbing that can be incorporated as a part of the wet column. To allow for equipment and casework to be set up as per the researcher's needs and to allow for quick change in the lab set up, the only fixed casework is associated with fume hoods, ducted biological safety and cabinets, and sinks.
The rest of the casework is comprised of movable tables and mobile base cabinets, allowing an unlimited range of configurations. Overhead shelving and cabinets can be removed or relocated, providing a full working surface for taller pieces of equipment when needed.
The movable tables can be adjusted vertically from 28" to 36", allowing a sit-down or stand-up position. Mobile base cabinets with "add-a-drawer" option to maximize space under tables. Mobile lab benches with option to add or remove shelving to accommodate larger table-top instrumentation. Equipment zones initially empty within labs allows researchers to add casework or equipment as needed. Zones designated with flooring patterns as placement guides help maintain safe aisle widths.
All rights reserved. Skip to main content. Plan and section of a typical lab module. Wall utility drop and ceiling-mounted articulated snorkel. Diagram of modular approach to lab hood and sink zone. Wet column with a variety of utility connections.
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Laboratory and Logistics Building / Mikkelsen Architects
The laboratory module is the key unit in any lab facility. When designed correctly, a lab module fully coordinates all architectural and engineering systems. A well-designed modular plan provides the following benefits:. The lab module should encourage change within the building. Research is changing all the time, and buildings must allow for reasonable change. Many private research companies make physical changes to an average of 25 percent of their labs each year. Academic institutions typically change the layout of 5 to 10 percent of their labs annually.
The Lab Module—Basis for Laboratory Design
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. All building renovation or construction, and especially laboratory renovation or construction, involves many issues that must be resolved and many decisions that must be made. Although it is possible to delegate these tasks to the design professional, the active participation of an informed client in the resolution of these issues and in related decision making greatly enhances the probability that a superior result will be obtained.
Today's research laboratories are complex and difficult building types to design, and making them sustainable adds more obstacles. Written by members of the well-known firm KlingStubbins, under the guidance of its Directors of Laboratory Planning, Engineering, and Sustainability, Sustainable Design of Research Laboratories represents a multidisciplinary approach to addressing these challenges. With the needs of architects, engineers, construction professionals, and facility owners in mind, this book provides a road map for sustainable planning, design, construction, and operations. The book is valuable both to experienced laboratory designers seeking guidance on sustainable strategies, as well as professionals versed in sustainable design who want insight into laboratory applications. With content rich in guidance on performance strategies, even the most technically oriented reader will find valuable lessons inside. This book:. Focuses on the links between best sustainable practices and the specific needs of research laboratories. Provides a number of case studies of the best contemporary sustainably designed labs, with a focus on architecture and engineering. Includes contributions by experts on approaches to integrated design, site design, programming, and commissioning. This important book shows how theoretical ideas can be applied to real-life laboratory projects to create healthier and more efficient research environments.
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